As the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes, Luxor has frequently been characterized as the “world’s greatest open air museum”, as the ruins of the temple complexes at Karnak and Luxor stand within the modern city. Immediately opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments, temples and tombs of the West Bank Necropolis, which includes the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens. Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive annually to visit these monuments.
The name Luxor comes from the Arabic al-quṣūr (القصور), lit. “the palaces,” from the pl. of qaṣr (قصر), which is a loanword from the Latin castrum “fortified camp”.
Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom, and the glorious city of the god Amon-Ra. The city was regarded in the Ancient Egyptian texts as w3s.t (approximate pronunciation: “Waset”), which meant “city of the sceptre” and also as t3 ip3t (conventionally pronounced as “ta ipet” and meaning “the shrine”) and then, in a later period, the Greeks called it Thebai and the Romans after them Thebae. Thebes was also known as “the city of the 100 gates”, sometimes being called “southern Heliopolis” (‘Iunu-shemaa’ in Ancient Egyptian), to distinguish it from the city of Iunu or Heliopolis, the main place of worship for the god Re in the north.
Luxor, Las Vegas
You no longer have to travel to Egypt to experience the spirituality and majesty of Luxor. So powerful in the mind of humankind, that you can now visit a Luxor near you:
• Luxor, Las Vegas
Luxor, Medici University
Which MU Artist’s Studio most captures the ineffable grandeur of Luxor? Or is the whole MU Campus one giant VR Luxor? Leave your nominations for the “Most Luxor” MU Artist’s Studio in the comments below!
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